These are the most common inherited illnesses in Saint Bernards. Saint Bernards can inherit other illnesses beyond these, but these are the most prevalent. If you are thinking of breeding Saint Bernards, please speak with your veterinarian about potential tests that should be done to avoid congenitalCongenital means present at birth. Something that is congenital may or may not be inherited by parents and passed on to offspring. disorders in offspring.
Conformation and selective breeding can increase the likelihood of puppies getting illnesses, so please breed responsibly. If you are thinking of adopting this breed, speak with the breeder first to determine if they are a responsible breederA responsible breeder is one that takes care of the breeding bitch and puppies, performs proper health screening and tests, does not breed sick or genetically weak dogs, does not over breed, and will not sell the wrong dog to the wrong owners regardless of profit. You can determine if a breeder is a responsible breeder by asking the right questions and visiting the kennel. and take your puppy to the vet to get checked once you receive it. If you susspect your puppy or dog has an inherited illness your vet will assist you in treating the illness and giving your dog the highest quality of life.
Hip dysplasiaDysplaisa is a term used to describe a malformation or abnormal development. It is often used when cellular abnormalities restrict growth and formation in an area.
CataractsCataracts is the loss of transparency of the lens of the eye. It can be caused by a variety of reasons like inherited disease, injury or trauma or illnesses like diabetes.
Coagulation disorder - hypofibrinogenemia (Factor I deficiency)
EpilepsyEpilepsy is an abnormal electrical function of the brain which causes disturbances to the nervous system. Epilepsy is most commonly associated with seizures. Epilepsy can be acquired meaning it came from injury, tumors, trauma, hormonal disorders or other means, or it can be idiopathic meaning there is no specific cause and can be genetic.
Eversion of the cartilage of the third eyelid
Exposure keratopathy syndrome
Prolapsed gland of the third eyelid
Optic nerve hypoplasiaHypoplasia is the underdevelopment or incomplete development of an organ or tissue.